As of today, an agreement has been reached, culminating in the new deal: the 'Glasgow Climate Pact'.
The deal calls on countries across the globe to strengthen their climate targets and assist in reducing global warming to no more than 1.5 degrees Celsius.
But according to COP26 spokespeople, the 1.5 degrees Celsius target will only survive "if promises are kept and commitments translate into rapid action".
So what exactly does this agreement entail, and where to from here?
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What is the Glasgow Climate Pact?
Government negotiators from nearly 200 countries were present in Glasgow, with 140 countries having strong intentions and commitments on climate change - Australia not being one of them.
The two-week conference was extended into an extra day of negotiations. Fortunately, the COP26 climate summit ended with a global agreement.
Four of the main findings include:
1. Aims to cap global warming at 1.5 degrees Celsius.
The agreement does aim to cap global warming at 1.5 degrees Celsius, but the actions put in place so far are not yet enough to meet this number.
According to the Climate Action Tracker, if all the commitments made in the lead-up to COP26 and at the summit were to be met, the world could be on a pathway to 1.8 degrees warming.
Scientists say that to go beyond a rise of 1.5 degrees Celsius would unleash extreme sea-level rise and catastrophes including crippling droughts, monstrous storms and wildfires far worse than those the world is already suffering.