But while she will be forever remembered for songs like ‘I Say A Little Prayer’ and ‘Respect‘, her climb to fame came with extraordinary hurdles.
Born in 1942, Aretha was one of five children to parents Barbara Siggers Franklin, a singer and painist and Clarence LaVaughan Franklin, a preacher.
Aretha’s childhood was far from stable and her parents’ marriage was rocky to say the least.
Her father, who was a popular travelling preacher, was rumoured to be an unfaithful man and when Aretha was just six years old, her parents reportedly split amid increasing infidelity rumours.
According to David Ritz’s biography Respect: The Life Of Aretha Franklin, Clarence’s church services were host to “wild orgies”, which singer-songwriter Ray Charles even once attended.
A few years after Aretha’s parents split, her mother Barbara passed away when she was just 10 years old.
From then on, she was cared for primarily by her father with help from gospel singer Mahalia Jackson and her grandmother Rachel.