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6 boys, a shipwreck and a deserted island: The incredible real-life Lord of the Flies.

In the winter of 1966, Captain Peter Warner peered through his binoculars to the small island of ‘Ata. The Australian fisherman was on his way back to Tasmania from Tonga, and had taken a small detour that brought him alongside this forgotten southern outcrop of the Tongan archipelago.

There was something strange about the island. It appeared to have patches of burnt land; not something that tends to happen naturally in the tropics. Then, through the lenses, he saw him. A teenage boy. Naked, with long hair, scrambling off the rocky shore and into the water. Soon, others emerged behind him, all screaming at the top of their lungs.

Before long, the first boy reached Warner’s boat. “My name is Stephen,” he cried. “There are six of us, and we reckon we’ve been here for 15 months.”

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This incredible true story is recounted by Dutch historian Rutger Bregman in his new book Humankind: A Hopeful History.

Bregman happened upon it in an obscure blog while researching the tenets of the classic book, Lord of the Flies.

The 1954 novel, by British author William Golding, tells of a group of schoolboys who find themselves shipwrecked on a deserted island (the film adaptation is pictured above). Their effort to govern themselves sees a descent into anarchy and three among them killed. The book’s final line — one of the most famous in modern literature — tells of one of the surviving boys weeping “for the end of innocence, the darkness of man’s heart”.

But is that really human nature, all that darkness and self-interest and selfishness? Bregman wasn’t convinced. He believed in a (sadly) revolutionary idea: that, beneath it all, people are fundamentally good.

And as the ‘Ata story revealed, he may be right.

The castaways of ‘Ata: the real-life Lord of the Flies.

In June 1965, six students ran away from St. Andrews College, the Catholic boarding school they attended in the Tongan capital, Nukuʻalofa.

The boys — Sione Fataua, “Stephen” Tevita Fatai, Kolo Fekitoa, “David” Tevita Fifita Siolaʻa, Mano Totau and Luke Veikoso — aged 16 and 17, stole a small fishing boat and headed out to sea. They left with few supplies, some bananas, coconuts and small gas burner. They had no map or compass, and only one of them knew how to sail.

Rutger recounts on Twitter what happened next.

After a day fishing, they fell asleep on board. A storm rolled through the archipelago. Strong winds snapped their rudder, tore the sails and broke the anchor, casting them adrift for eight days with no food or water.


Sanctuary came when they sighted ‘Ata.

The towering, rocky island had been inhabited long ago until a Peruvian slave ship arrived in early 1863 to round up the locals. Signs of the stolen community remained in a crater at the top of the cliffs: wild taro, banana trees, even chickens that had continued breeding for a century since the island was deserted, Rutger wrote in The Guardian.

Before they found these, the boys lived off fish, coconuts and seabird eggs. It was an unforgiving landscape, but they made the best of it.

In Captain Warner’s memoir, which he gave to Rutger, he recalled, “By the time we arrived, the boys had set up a small commune with food garden, hollowed-out tree trunks to store rainwater, a gymnasium with curious weights, a badminton court, chicken pens and a permanent fire, all from handiwork, an old knife blade and much determination.”

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An article in the October 1966 edition of Pacific Islands Monthy reported that the boys worked according to a carefully planned routine, aimed at improving their conditions. They even found ways to entertain themselves: “They fashioned a guitar, using two halves of coconuts as sound boxes, and wire, salvaged from the planks they brought ashore, as strings. This gave them the incentive to compose five songs, and their evenings were spent in the traditional Tongan style.”

There was no chaos or anarchy. The teenagers worked together in teams, Rutger tweeted. They kept a fire going the entire time, along with their friendship.

“Sure, sometimes, there were fights, but then one of them would go to one side of the island, the other to the other side, they would cool their temper, and say sorry. ‘That’s how we stayed friends,’ Mano told me.”

The rescue.

Upon the boys’ return to Tonga on September 13, 1966, almost the entire population of Haʻafeva (nearly 900 people) turned out to celebrate the miracle.

“The reunion on the wharf with their families, who had long ago given them up for lost, was a moving experience for all, including those who saw it,” the Pacific Islands Monthly reported.

Captain Warner was proclaimed a national hero, and granted the right by the King to trap lobster in Tongan waters.

He commissioned a new boat and hired the six boys to work as his crew.


They continued sailing together for decades, and Warner, now almost 90, remains good friends with one of the boys, Mano Totau.


The incredible story was committed to film in 1966, after Channel 7 filmed a re-enactment documentary. But after buzz about Bregman’s book, producers and directors have reportedly contacted him interested in a new telling of the boys’ survival.

Academy Award-winning director, Taika Waititi, even tweeted about a possible film this week: “Love this story. Personally, I think you should prioritize Polynesian (Tongan if possible!) filmmakers as to avoid cultural appropriation, misrepresentation, and to keep the Pasifika voice authentic. I’m probably not available lol,” he wrote, adding a crying emoji.

Until that day comes, Bregman encourages people to share the story of these young boys.

“If millions of teenagers around the globe still have to read the fictional Lord of the Flies, then let’s also tell about the one time real kids were really shipwrecked on an island,” he tweeted.

“Because the Real Lord of the Flies is a story of human friendship and resilience, a story about how much we can accomplish if we work together.”

Rutger Bregman’s book, Humankind: A Hopeful History, will be released in Australia on May 19.

Featured image: British Lion Films.

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