Young children benefit from being exposed to a variety of food groups to ensure they’re consuming all the necessary nutrients for cell and nerve development and function.
And, every food group plays an important part. Grains are exceptional for fuelling your little ones, dairy provides calcium to build strong teeth and bones, protein are the building blocks of life and help the body’s cell repair function, and last but not least, healthy fats help the body absorb vitamins, boost energy and regulate body temperature.
However, the issue of removing food groups for kids often comes up at my workshops around the idea of how to manage food intolerances and allergies – most commonly gluten and dairy.
Did you know, that around one in 20 children have some form of food allergy or sensitivity? This number has doubled in the last decade and the most common ones are wheat, dairy, nuts and eggs, which can often be concerning for parents as many foods contain some or all of these.
I often see families who have at least one child with an allergy, and feel the need to cook separate meals to cater for them (hello, stressful mealtimes) or fall into the trap of providing processed and convenient ‘allergy-friendly’ options that aren’t as nutritious as they could be.
But, never fear. Allergy-friendly swaps don’t have to be scary. There are definitely nutrient-dense gluten and dairy-free options out there and when you know what to look for, they can be simple and delicious. Some of my favourite swaps are also a great way to include a range of other food groups and boost veggie intake.
Speaking of kids and nutrition, what do you do when the grandparents won’t stop feeding the kids unhealthy food? We speak to Butterfly Foundation Founder, Christine Morgan. Post continues after audio.
Nutritious gluten-free swaps.
Something I see commonly with gluten-free families is trying to replace all grains and wheat with rice. Not only does this not deliver a wide range of nutrients, but it can become incredibly boring for everyone too. Instead, try…
This is a protein-filled ancient grain that’s also packed with necessary vitamins and minerals like iron and magnesium. Not only is it a great substitute for rice, but it can be baked into muesli, added to soup or even used as a flour replacement. Try my Chocolate Quinoa Crackles to satisfy everyone’s sweet tooth.
Buckwheat is another gluten-free grain that not only has a low glycaemic index but has high levels of zinc, manganese and copper which can help develop a strong immune system. This grain can also be cooked into mueslis, popped or toasted for a crunchy topping to bread and desserts, or even try using buckwheat flour in my Almond and Buckwheat Vanilla Biscuits.
Millet has a slightly nutty flavour and is easy to digest, making it perfect for little tums. My book features an amazing gluten-free flour mix (page 32) and millet is the star of the show.
If you’re after a wider range of gluten-free recipes, check out my book for great family-friendly ideas like my Gluten-Free Arrowroot Tortillas or Yoghurt Bread (page 55), or this nutritious Cheesy Cauliflower Pizza Base just in time for pizza night.
Let’s talk about calcium. The removal of dairy, paired with fussy eating can often leave families concerned if their child is getting enough calcium. Not only do kids need calcium for strong bones, but both muscle and nerve function rely heavily on this mineral too.
In fact, under three-year-olds are advised to have 700mg of calcium per day, while from ages three to eight children should consume 1000mg per day. This means that if you’ve made the choice for your child to become dairy-free, you need to add in other calcium-rich foods, like…
Some children may find the taste of rhubarb a bit overwhelming, however not only is it packed with calcium, it’s high in fibre, protein and vitamin C.
Leeks are another nutrient-dense veggie full of fibre and antioxidants, plus, you can substitute onions for leeks in nearly every recipe. Try them in my Beef and Veggie Meatballs for a dinner idea the whole family will enjoy.
These little fish are one of the best sources of calcium, mostly because they’re full of soft, edible bones, but they’re also packed with omega-3 to promote brain health and sleep. What’s not to love?
While we’re talking about fish, salmon is another great variety that’ll boost your calcium intake, just make sure to choose wild salmon with the bones in. My Tasty Salmon and Millet Rissoles are a great finger food for your little ones to munch on.
Did you know, that cup for cup almond meal has nearly the same amount of calcium as milk? Plus, it’s delicious to bake with, so whip up some Beetroot and Spinach Bliss Balls for a calcium and iron kick.
These tiny seeds pack a nutritional punch. Chia seeds aren’t just full of calcium but they’re a good source of protein and healthy fats too. Try my Mango Chia Pudding from page 197 of my book – it’s the best way to start the day with a nutrient-dense kick.
I emphasise to my clients that children should have no more than two serves of dairy a day, so if they have a reaction to milk or dairy products, they might not necessarily have an allergy – they could simply just be consuming too much. Try swapping in some of these instead…
A plain coconut yoghurt is a great substitute for sugar-filled squeezy yoghurt. In fact, my DIY Coconut Yoghurt is easy to make and great for the environment too. Just remember with coconut substitutes, whilst adding variety and enjoyment to the menu, are not a great calcium substitute.
In my book, I go into depth about the best milk alternatives (page 235). While there are multiple options available on the market, all have their own benefits. Why not try almond or coconut milk, or even rice or oat milk? Be mindful that rice milk isn’t suitable for children under 5-years-old.
Visit the Wholesome Child website to learn more about Mandy Sacher. Her book “Wholesome Child: A Complete Nutrition Guide and Cookbook” is available to purchase online and through iTunes. Connect with Mandy on Instagram and Facebook.