This article has been written by Dr Andy Stamatiou, Fertility Specialist at City Fertility Centre, Brisbane.
What should I expect at my first fertility consultation?
Are you having trouble conceiving? Have you made the decision to seek fertility advice and don’t know where to start or what to ask? Here is a list of five areas that will be discussed in your first fertility consultation with a specialist.
Fertility history and examination
At your first consultation, your specialist will take a thorough medical history from you and your partner (if applicable) and perform any relevant examinations. This information will direct the specialist towards specific treatments that will help to enhance your fertility.
Your specialist will want to discuss your menstrual cycle, how long you have been trying to conceive, lifestyle factors, and if you have had any previous fertility treatment. Both partners are encouraged to attend this appointment.
Listen to the story of one woman who did 14 rounds of IVF before getting pregnant.
If you have had investigations ordered by your GP, it is important to make it known to your specialist prior to the first consultation so that these can be accessed. Most of these do not need to be repeated. Some tests are ordered to ensure you are ready for pregnancy and others to assess the specific cause of your fertility problem. These tests may include:
Female fertility tests:
- Common blood tests include follicular phase (early cycle) sex hormones (oestrogen, luteinising hormone (LH), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and thyroid stimulating hormone).
- Tests to predict ovarian reserve such as Anti-Mullerian Hormone (AMH) which is a blood test and/or an antral follicle count (AFC) which is done via an ultrasound scan. The AMH is a hormone produced by ovarian follicles that contain eggs. The amount of AMH gives an indication of the number of eggs being produced (or ovarian reserve).
- A pelvic ultrasound scan is performed to check the pelvic anatomy and exclude ovarian cysts. A hysterosalpingogram (HSG) is an x-ray dye study that will check the uterine cavity and exclude blockage of the fallopian tubes. This can also be done with a saline sono-hysterogram which is a specialised type of ultrasound scan.
Male fertility tests:
- A sperm count is also known as a Seminal Fluid Analysis. It looks at the sperm concentration, sperm motility and sperm morphology (shape).
- Blood tests may be required if the sperm count is abnormal, such as, FSH, LH and testosterone.
- Depending on your history and the results of the initial tests, your treating doctor may request a sperm DNA fragmentation test or a testicular biopsy. For more information about these tests, please visit our page on Sperm Test and Semen Analysis.
Depending on your history, examination and available results of investigations, your fertility specialist may be able to discuss treatment options at your first visit. Your fertility problem may be obvious and may require laparoscopic surgery or other specific fertility treatments. More commonly your specialist will not be able to give you definite answers until all the tests are back. A detailed treatment plan is usually established at the second meeting.
At the first consultation, your specialist may be able to touch on what are the likely treatments available to you. Treatments range from ovulation induction alone or with artificial insemination to the various types of IVF treatments.