In the early hours of Friday morning, in March, 1964, a 28-year-old woman named Kitty Genovese was walking towards her apartment in Queens, New York City.
She lived in the apartment with her partner, 24-year-old Mary Ann Zielonko, who she met the year prior at The Swing Rendezvous, an underground gay and lesbian bar.
Genovese made an exceptionally good living working as a bar manager, a job she thoroughly enjoyed. On that night, in 1964, she left the bar at 2:30am, and began driving home in her red Fiat. Although she likely didn’t know it at the time, a man named Winston Moseley spotted her from a parked car while she waited at a red light on Hoover Ave.
Moseley, who was married with three children, decided to follow her.
At 3:15am, Genovese arrived home and parked her car in a nearby car park. When she was only 30 metres from the entrance of her apartment complex, she spotted Moseley who was rapidly approaching her with a hunting knife. She ran as fast as she could towards the apartment door, but the 29-year-old was faster, stabbing her twice in the back.
"Oh my God, he stabbed me! Help me!" Genovese screamed. Dozens of neighbours heard the cries, but many dismissed them as a domestic argument that was none of their business.
One neighbour, Robert Mozer, spotted the attacker and yelled: "Let that girl alone!" which prompted Moseley to run away.
Genovese then attempted to crawl towards the opening to the building, now out of view of witnesses.
The brutal attack was far from over.
Moseley returned to find Genovese falling in and out of consciousness, stuck in a hallway behind a locked door. He stabbed her several more times and then raped her, the attack lasting more than half an hour in total.
It wasn't until 4:15am, more than an hour after the initial stabbing, that an ambulance finally arrived. Genovese died on her way to the hospital.
The murder of a 28-year-old woman, within view of a sizeable apartment block in the middle of a bustling city inspired a new modern anxiety.
"You might have a thousand neighbours," Kevin Cook writes in Kitty Genovese: The Murder, The Bystanders, The Crime that Changed America, "only to die alone while they stood by their windows watching."