Drew Bosee, 68, and Nino Esposito, 78, have been together for 45 years.
Believing same-sex marriage would never become legal in their lifetime, the Pennsylvania couple searched for an alternative means to become a family.
In 2012, to avoid discriminatory laws around things like inheritance taxes and hospital visitation rights, Esposito, a retired teacher, adopted his partner, Bosee, a former writer.
Legally, the couple are now father and son.
— Attitude (@AttitudeMag) November 4, 2015
But since gay marriage became legal in their state last year (and the Supreme Court decided banning same-sex marriage in the US was unlawful this year), they are keen to get married.
And, given incest is illegal, there lies the problem.
Esposito told CNN “we never thought we’d see the day” that same-sex marriage was legal in Pennsylvania, so adoption was “the most legitimate thing available to us”.
Now, they want their adoption annulled, but a state trial court judge has rejected their attempt, saying it can only be cancelled in circumstances of fraud.
“We realized we could have a complete union, which is what we want,” Esposito said.