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Young job seekers on Centrelink payments will be forced to take random drug tests.

Thousands of Australians will soon be forced to undertake random drug tests to hold onto their welfare payments.

Beginning next year, 5000 Newstart and Youth Allowance recipients across three locations will be included in the two-year trial of drug testing.

Job seekers will be selected at random and tested for drugs including ecstasy, ice and marijuana.

Anyone who tests positive to a test will be placed on welfare quarantining, while those who fail more than once will be referred to medical professions for assessment and treatment.

Mia Freedman sits down with Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull. Post continues below.

The cost of this measure – which is certain to raise the ire of welfare advocates – is deemed commercial-in-confidence and has not been published.

The Turnbull government says the trial is part of a suite of reforms to stop welfare payments being used to fuel drug and alcohol addictions.

Cashless welfare cards will also be expanded across two new locations, with the income management program extended for another two years to June 2019, after two test runs showed positive results for problem gambling and alcohol consumption.

Welfare will be denied to people with disabilities caused solely by their own substance abuse.

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Other welfare measures include tougher verification requirements for single parents seeking welfare and a crackdown on those attempting to rake in multiple payments.

There will also be stricter residency rules for new migrants trying to access Australian pensions.

Older job seekers will also face harsher mutual obligation requirements under new welfare reforms:

* Job seekers aged 30-49 (about 270,000) will have to undertake activity requirements of 50 hours a fortnight, up from 30 hours;

* Job seekers aged 55-59 years (about 40,000) will no longer be able to meet 30 hours of activity solely through volunteering, with exceptions in areas of high unemployment; and

* Job seekers 60 to age pension age (about 45,000) will need to undertake 10 hours of activity per fortnight (up from zero).

A new, single JobSeeker payment will be introduced in March 2020, replacing or consolidating seven existing payments including the Newstart Allowance.

Less than one per cent will be affected by changes to their payment rates, the government says.

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